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Bioremediation Strategies for Environmental Management: A Review

Varun Singh Parmar

Abstract


Environmental contamination is increasing day-by-day due to rapid industrialization and growing population. The environmental contaminants are introduced into the environment either accidentally or deliberately as a result of human activities, and have the potential to cause deleterious effects on human health and other living creatures. Both domestic as well as industrial wastes have contributed in enhancing this contamination. The continuous and uncontrolled discharge of wastes into the environmental sink has become an issue of major global concern. Bioremediation is a unique, eco-friendly and effective method for removal of contaminants/pollutants from soil and/or water. This technology makes use of microorganisms and biological processes to remove or detoxify the pollutants. The purpose of bioremediation is to make environment free from pollution with help of environmental friendly microbes. This review highlights the salient features of bioremediation process, different strategies, its benefits and limitations, and recent developments in bioremediation management.

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