Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Microalgae in Bioremediation of Waste water and Production of Bioproducts

Varsha Deshraj


Domestic wastewater treatment and remediation is an exclusive practice due to substantial time and scheduling needed for fruitful management. Recent waste water treatment plants are extremely mechanical and costly to build and sustain. Maximum of the domestic waste water is considered feeble or average in strength with nitrogen levels between 20–40 mg/L and phosphorus levels between 4–8 mg/L[3]. These concentrations of nitrogen and phosphorus are unwanted as they can lead to remarkable pollution and eutrophication of downstream waterways. waste equilibrium ponds provide a dynamic bioremediation method to clean domestic waste water and they can also produce microalgal feedstocks for the production of valuable bioproducts. Importance in the use of microalgae will continue to develop as rural cities and emerging countries look for sustainable and inexpensive methods to clean domestic wastewater.

Keywords: Microalage, bioremediation, wastewater, management, biproducts

Full Text:



Christenson L, Sims R. Production and harvesting of microalgae for wastewater treatment, biofuels, and bioproducts. Biotechnol Adv. 2011; 29: 686–702p.

Christenson LB, Sims RC. Rotating algal biofilm reactor and spool harvester for wastewater treatment with biofuels by-products. Biotechnol Bioeng. 2012; 109: 1674–1684p.

Tchobanoglous G, Burton F (1991) Wastewater engineering: treatment, disposal, and reuse. 1991. McGraw-Hill.

Pinto E, Sigaud-Kutner TCS, Leitão MAS, Heavy metal-induced oxidative stress in algae. J Phycol. 2003; 39: 1008–1018p.

Ellis JT, Hengge NN, Sims RC, Miller CD. Acetone, butanol, and ethanol production from wastewater algae. Bioresour Technol. 2012; 111: 491–495p.

Lim SL, Chu WL, Phang SM (2010) Use of Chlorella vulgaris for bioremediation of textile wastewater. Bioresour Technol. 2010;101:7314–7322p.


  • There are currently no refbacks.