Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Chemical Metrics for sustainable use of materials

Zeanut Akoijam


A number of metrics have been used to drive business, government and many goods communities. Here, a few metrics for chemical industry have been mentioned. The use of chemical metrics is an ideal approach to design methods of chemical synthesis in order to use the resources in a sustainable manner.

Keywords: chemical industry, chemical synthesis, E factor, effective mass yield, metrics

Full Text:



D. J. C. Constable, A. D. Curzons, L.

M. Freitas dos Santos, G. R. Geen, R.

E. Hannah, J. D. Hayler, J.

Kitteringham, M. A. McGuire, J. E.

Richardson, P. Smith, R. L. Webb

and M. Yu, Green Chem., 2001, 3, 7–

T. Hudlicky, D. A. Frey, L. Koroniak,

C. D. Claeboe and L. E. Brammer,

Green Chem., 1999, 57–59.

R. A. Sheldon, Chem. Ind. (London),

, 903–906; R. A. Sheldon,

Chem. Ind. (London), 1997, 12–15.

David J. C. Constable, Alan D.

Curzons and Virginia L.

Cunningham. Metrics to ‘green’

chemistry—which are the best?

Green Chemistry, 2002, 4, 521–527.


  • There are currently no refbacks.