Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Green Pharmacy - Opportunities and Challenges

Garima Tripathi

Abstract


The green chemistry revolution is providing an enormous number of challenges to those who practice chemistry in industry, education and research. With these challenges however, there are an equal number of opportunities to discover and apply new chemistry, to improve the economics of chemical manufacturing and to enhance the much-tarnished image of chemistry. After introducing the concept of new sustainable chemical technologies and also including a brief assessment of green chemistry the relationship between catalysis and sustainable (green) chemistry is discussed and illustrated via an analysis of some selected and relevant examples. Emphasis is also given to the concept of catalytic technologies for scaling-down chemical processes, in order to develop sustainable production processes which reduce the impact on the environment to an acceptable level that allows self-depuration processes of the living environment.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Sheldon R.A., Kochi J.K. Metal-Cataly Oxida of Organic Compo.1981.

Chauvel A., Delmon A., Hölderich W.F. Appl. Catal. A: General. 1994; 173–277p.

Bader P., Baumeister H.U. Blaser Chimia. 1996; 99–105p.

Mossettig E., Mozingo R. Org. React. 1948; 362p.

Ratton S. Chem. Today. 1997; 33–37p.

Yokoyama T., Setoyama T., Fujita N., Nakajima M., Maki T. Appl. Catal. A: General. 1992; 149–61p.

Straatho A.J.J., Panke F.S., Schmid A. Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. 2002; 548–56p.

Powell K.A., Ramer S.W., Del S.P., et al. Chem. Int. Ed. 2001; 3948–59p.

Wegman M.A., Janssen M.H.A., Rantwijk F.V., et al. Adv Synth. Catal. 2001; 559–76p.

J. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2008; 130: 12456–64p.

Berna, B.M., Batista, F. Enzyme Immobilization Litera Survey Metho in Biotechnol. 2006; 15–30p.

Chae, H.J. Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. 1998; 173: 95p.

Quirk, R.A. Biomaterials. 2001; 865p.

Gale, E.F. Epps MR. Biochem J. 1944; 232–42p.

Langmuir, I. Schaefer VJ. J Am Chem Soc., 1938; 1351– 60p.

Kim, J., Grate J.W., Wang P. Nanobiocata and Its Potential Applicat. 2008; 639–46p.

Wong L.S., Thirlway J., Micklefield J. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2008; 12456–64p.

Ghous T. Jn Chem. Soc. Pak. 2001.

Bernfeld P., Wan J. Antigens And Enzymes Made Insoluble By Entrapping Them in to the Lattices Of Synthetic Polymers Science. 1963; 678–79p.

Riaz A., Qader S., Anwar A., et al. Aust. J. Basic & Appl. Sci. 2009; 2883p.

Rosevear A. Immob Enzym and Cells. 1987.

Brady D., Jordan A. Adv. in Enzyme Immob Biotechol Lett. 2009; 1639–50p.

Tanyolac D., Yuruksoy B.I., Ozdural A.R. Biochem Eng J. 1998; 179–86p.

Tosa T., Mori T., Fuse N., et al. Enzymologia. 1966; 214–24p.

Bruggink A., Roos E.C., Vroom E.D. Org. Proc. Res. Dev. 1998; 128–33p.

Ullmann’s Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. 1995; 302–4p.

Sheldon R.A. Chirotechnology: The Industrial

Anastas P.T., Williamson T.C. Green Chemistry: frontiers in benign chemical syntheses and processes. Oxford University Press. 1998.

Tundo P., Anastas P. Green Chemistry: Challenging Perspectives, Ed. 1999.

Clark J.H., Rhodes C.N. Clean Synthesis Using Porous Inorganic Solid Catalysts and Supported Reagents. RSC Clean Technology Monographs. 2000.

Wong, L.S., Thirlway J., Micklefield Porath J. Protein expr. Purif. 1992; 263–81p.

Yücel Y. Bio Techno. 2011; 3977–80p.

Figueras F. Catal Rev Sci Eng. 1988; 457p.

Sterte J. Catal. Today. 1988; 219p.

Suib S.L. Chem. Rev. 1993; 803p.

Synthesis of Optically Active Compounds. 1993.

Komobayashi H. Recl. Trav. Chim. Pays-Bas. 1996; 201–10p.

Blaser H.U. Adv. Synth. Catal. 2002; 17–31p.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.