Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


Ashok K. Rathoure


With the increasingly important requirement for textile manufacturers to decrease pollution in textile production, the use of enzymes in the chemical processing of fibres and textiles is rapidly gaining wider recognition because of their non-toxic and eco-friendly characteristics. They can be safely used in a wide selection of textile processes such as de-sizing, scouring, bleaching, dyeing and finishing, where the alternatives are very harsh chemicals whose disposal into the environment causes many problems. The textile industry plays an important role in the economy of the country like India and it accounts for around one third of total export. Out of various activities in textile industry, chemical processing contributes about 70% of pollution. It is well known that cotton mills consume large volume of water for various processes such as sizing, de-sizing, scouring, bleaching, mercerization, dyeing, printing, finishing and ultimately washing. Due to the nature of various chemical processing of textiles, large volumes of waste water with numerous pollutants are discharged. Since these streams of water affect the aquatic eco-system in number of ways such as depleting the dissolved oxygen content or settlement of suspended substances in anaerobic condition, a special attention needs to be paid.

Keywords: Textile Processing, Waste Water, Recycling, Reuse, ETP.

Full Text:



Arslan I., Balcioglu, I.A. and Tuhkanen, T., (1999). Environ. Technol., 20:921-931.

Asokan R. and Shavakumar, N., (2002). Effluent Treatment in Textile Wet Processing, Industrial Training Programme, Process Control in Textile Wet Processing, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, 77-84.

Buckley C.A. (1992). Wat. Sci. Technol., 25:203-209.

Jurgens, Julian F., Reid, David J., Guthrie, John D. (1948). Textile Research Journal, 42-44.

Mali P.L., Mahajan, M.M., Patil, D.P. and Kulkarni, M.V., (2000). J. Sci. Res., 59:221-224.

Mckay G, (1979). American Dyestuff Reporter, 68:29-34.

Namboodri C.G., Sperkins W. and Walsh W.K. (1994). American Dyestuff Reporter, 4:17-27.

Owen, G.R., (1978). Journal of Society of Dyers and Colourists, 94:243-251.

Sivaramakrishnan, C.N., (2004). Colourage, LI, No.9, 27-32.

Tanaka, K., Padermpole, K. and Hisanaga, T., (2000). Wat. Res., 34, 327-333.

Tang W.Z. and An., H., 1995, Chemosphere, 31, 4157-4170.

Vlyssides A.G. and Israilides, C.J., (1998). J. Environ. Sci. Health, A33 (5), 847-863.

Weeter O.W. and Hodgson, A.G., (1977). Dye Waste Water Treatment, 32nd Industrial Waste Conference, Lafayette, IN. Proceedings, 1-9.

Wu JN., Eiteman MA & Law S.E. (1998). Evaluation of membrane filtration and ozonation process for treatment of reactive dye wastewater. Journal of Environmental Engineering-ASCE, 124(3):272-277.

Yamuna R.T. (1995). Ph.D Thesis, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore.


  • There are currently no refbacks.