Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Micellization investigations of meristyl alcohol based bis-sulfosuccinate gemini surfactant with anionic and nonionic conventional surfactants

Vinayika Singh, Rashmi Tyagi


Micellization studies have been carried out to investigate the mean aggregation number of aqueous solution of newly synthesized bis-sulfosuccinate gemini surfactant based on meristyl alcohol (BSGSMA1,4) using flexible spacer as methylene chain (CH2)4. The methylene chain was introduced via α,ω-dibromo butane in the reaction. The present study explored the effect of prepared gemini towards the two well recognized conventional surfactants i.e. sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) and Triton X 100 in mixed micelles of binary systems. The measurements were carried out by using steady state fluorescence technique. From the study, it was observed that the value of N for pure BSGSMA1,4 (3*CMC) was enhanced from N=14 to N=32 for mixed BSGSMA1,4 + SDS (3*CMC) system and suppressed (N=12) for mixed BSGSMA1,4 + Triton X 100 (3*CMC). As concentrations of SDS (5*CMC) and Triton X 100 (40*CMC) were increased in mixed systems, the value N was also enhanced for both systems and found to be 57 and 33 respectively. The results revealed the more favorable micellization behavior of gemini BSGSMA1,4 towards the SDS as compared to Triton X 100 and also exhibited the good synergism behavior of prepared gemini with conventional anionic surfactant (SDS) even at a lower concentration i.e. 3*CMC.

Full Text:



F.H.A. EI-Salam, “Synthesis, antimicrobial activity, micellization of gemini anionic surfactants in a pure state as well as mixed with a conventional nonionic surfactant”, J. Surf. Deterg. 12 (2009) 363-370.

T. Schoenberg, “Optimizing mild cleansers”, SPC. Soap, Perfumery and Cosmetics 70 (1997) 33-36.

Deepika and V.K. Tyagi, “Sulfosuccinates as mild surfactants”, J. Oleo Sci. 55 (2006) 429-439.

X. Du, Y. Lu, L. Li, J. Kou and Z. Yang, “Mixed micellization of alkyl benzene sulfonate gemini surfactant la and nonionic surfactant C10F6 in aqueous solution”, Acta. Phys.-Chem. Sin. 23 (2007) 173–176.

Y. Shang, H. Liu, Y. Hu and J.M. Prausnitz, “Phase behavior and microstructures of the gemini (12-3-12, ZBr -)- SDS H2O Ternary”, Colloids Surf. A 294 (2007) 203–211.

Z. Ahmad, M. Siddiq, A.M. Khan and A. Shah, “Fluorescence Investigations of the Association of PEO-PBO-PEO Triblock Copolymers in the Presence of Ionic Surfactants SDS and CTAB”, Advances in Research 2 (2014) 70-79.

K. Kalyanasundaram and J.K. Thomas, “Environmental effects on vibronic band intensities in pyrene monomer fluorescence and their application in studies of micellar systems”, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 99 (1977) 2039-2044.

C.C. Ruiz, “A photophysical study of the urea effect on micellar properties of sodium dodecylsulfate aqueous solutions”, Colloid Polymer Sci. 273 (1995) 1033-1040.

M.J. Rosen, “Surfactants and Interfacial Phenomena”, 2nd ed., John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1989.

K. Kalyanasundaram, “Photochemistry in Microheterogeneous Systems”, Academic Press, New York, 1987.

C.C. Ruiz, “A photophysical study of micellization of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide in urea-water binary mixtures”, Mol. Phys. 86 (1995) 535-546.

Du Noüy, P.L., “An interfacial tensiometer for universal use”, J. Gen. Physiol. 7 (1925) 625-633.

T. Yoshimura and K. Esumi, “Synthesis and surface properties of anionic gemini surfactants with amide groups”, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 276 (2004) 231-238.

O. Regev, R. Zana, Aggregation behavior of tyloxapol, a nonionic surfactant oligomer, in aqueous solution, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 210 (1999) 8-17.

S. Zhu, L. Liu and F. Cheng, “Influence of spacer nature on the aggregation properties of anionic gemini surfactants in aqueous solutions”, J. Surf. Deterg. 14 (2011) 221-225.

X. Cao, Z. Li, X. Song, X. Cui, Y. Wei, F. Cheng and J. Wang, “Effects of spacers on surface activities and aggregation properties of anionic gemini surfactants”, J. Surf. Deterg. 12 (2009) 165-172.

M. Pisarcik, F. Devinsky and I. Lacko, “Steady-state fluorescence quenching in micellar solutions of biodegradable gemini surfactants”, Acta Facult pharm. Univ. Comenianae 53 (2006) 184-192.

Y. Fang, X.F. Liu, Y.M. Xia, Y. Yang, K. Cai, Y.M. Xu and X.Y. Zhao, “Determination of critical micellar aggregation numbers by steady-state fluorescence probe method”, Acta Phys.-Chim. Sin. 17 (2001) 828–831.

V. Singh and R. Tyagi, “Unique micellization and cmc aspects of gemini surfactant: An overview”, J. Dispers. Sci. Technol. 35 (2014) 1774-1792.

J.M. Hierrezuelo, J. Aguiar and C.C. Ruiz, “Stability, interaction, size and micro- environmental properties of mixed micelles of docanoyl-N-methylglucamide and sodium dodecyl sulfate”, Langmuir 20 (2004) 10419-10426.

N.J. Turro and A. Yekta, “Luminescent probes for detergent solutions. A simple procedure for determination of the mean aggregation number of micelles”, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 100 (1978) 5951-5952.

M. Tachiya, “Application of a generating function to reaction kinetics in micelles. Kinetics of quenching of luminescent probes in micelles”, Chem. Phys. Lett. 33 (1975) 289-292.

M.S. Bakshi, S. Sachar, T. Yoshimura and K. Esumi, “Association behavior of poly (ethylene oxide)–poly(propylene oxide)–poly(ethylene oxide) block copolymers with cationic surfactants in aqueous solution”, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 278 (2004) 224-233.


  • There are currently no refbacks.