Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

The new method of foam materials processing

Michael Shoikhedbrod


Processing of foam materials with the high physical mechanical properties is one of the most important tasks, connected for the needs of chemical industry, medicine, machine building and space technology
[1-8]. It is well known such methods of processing of the foam materials as creation and the foaming of the water dispersions of high polymers using of the thermal decomposition of organic and inorganic matter, using of the radiation destruction of thermoplastic polymer, the foaming of polyurethane compositions using the injection of condensed hydrogen with the high pressure and so on [1-3]. All these methods, on one side, are not economically effective and harmless as a result of the complexity of the technology of conducting the process of processing of foam materials. The toxicity of products with the thermal decomposition and the adverse effect of chemical nature of gas developing agents damage the properties of the obtained material.
On the other side, these processes permit to produce only specific foam materials that sharply limit the possibility of their application for processing of the foam materials of wide range. This paper represents a completely new method of processing of the foam materials, in which the formation of gas phase is achieved by using the electrolysis of water with the direct electric current and transformation of this gas phase to the microdispersed electrolytic gas bubbles of hydrogen with simultaneous, uniform saturation by them of the thermoplastic material at a temperature of its melting is produced by using the vibration in the regime of the process of vibroturbulization [4].

Keywords: Foam materials processing; Manyphase systems; Electric field influence on the water solutions; Hydrogen electrolysis gas bubbles.

Full Text:



. Berlin A.A., Shutov F.A. The chemistry and the technology of the gasfilled high polymers. M,

Khalyapov R.R., Utekhin S.V. The method of obtaining the elastic foam producing agent. The

patent 2197505, 27.01, 2003.

Trefilov S.V., Trefilov A.V. The method of obtaining the super-lightweight organomineral foam

producing agent. The patent 2160287, 10.12, 2000

Shoikhedbrod M.P. Behavior of water under the influence of vibration and electric field.

Lambert Academic Publishing, Toronto. 2017

Conde Y., Despois J., Goodall R. Replication processing of Highly Porous Materials. Advanced

ngineering Materials, Vol. 8, Iss. 9 (Metal Forms), 2006, 795 -803

Mahajan R., Koros W. Factors Controlling Successful Formation of Mixed-Matrix Gas

Separation Materials, Ind. Chem. Res. 39, 8, 2000, 2692-2696

Andersson L., Bergstrom L. Gas-filled microspheres as an expandable sacrificial template for

direct casting of complex-shaped macroporous ceramics. Journal of the European Ceramic

Society, Vol. 28, Iss. 15, 2008, 2815-2821

Liu Shih-Jung, Wu Yi-Chuan. An experimental study of the water-assisted injection molding of

glass fiber filled poly-butylene-terephthalate (PBT) composites. Composites Science and

Techhology, Vol. 67, Iss. 7-8, 2007, 1415-1424


  • There are currently no refbacks.