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Sapota Seed Oil

C V Subrahmanyam, D. Kamalakar


The objective of this work was to extract and determine the chemical composition of oil obtained from sapota seed fruits that are grown in India and characterize it. The sapota seed oil was extracted from kernel using different solvents viz., (a) carbon tetra chloride, (b) n-hexane and (c) toluene for eight extractions or stages. Nearly, 20–23% of oil yield was obtained. The oil has acid value – 4.11 to 9.5, iodine value – 70.95, saponification value – 195.3 and density – 916 kg/m3. The chromatographic analysis indicates that, the oil consists of oleic, stearic, palmitic and linoleic as its main fatty acids. The characteristic property reveals that the oil can be used for cooking, confectionary and pharmaceutical purposes.

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