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Hazardous Effect of Radioactive Pollution on Environment and Their Possible Preventive Measures

Mamta Singh


Radioactive pollution is the release of radioactive substances or high-energy particles into the air, water, or earth as a result of human activity, either by accident or by design. Radioactive contamination, also called radiological contamination, is the deposition of, or presence of radioactive substances on surfaces or within solids, liquids or gases (including the human body), where their presence is unintended or undesirable (from the International Atomic Energy Agency - IAEA - definition). Different forms of radiation have different effects. Visible light and infrared heat rays and certain kinds of radiation are generally beneficial. Some of the other forms of radiation, for example. X-rays, are more energetic and are therefore, biologically injurious because of their destructive action on cells and tissues. Because these highly energetic forms of radiation tend to split substances, including living matter, into ions, they are called ionising radiation. The other forms include electromagnetic radiation and particulate radiation. Ultraviolet radiation is highly injurious to the tissues of some organisms. This paper focuses on the impact of radioactive pollution on environment and their possible control measures. Keywords: radioactive components, pollution, contamination, hazardous effect, environment.

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