Hazardous Effect of Radioactive Pollution on Environment and Their Possible Preventive Measures

Mamta Singh


Radioactive pollution is the release of radioactive substances or high-energy particles into the air, water, or earth as a result of human activity, either by accident or by design. Radioactive contamination, also called radiological contamination, is the deposition of, or presence of radioactive substances on surfaces or within solids, liquids or gases (including the human body), where their presence is unintended or undesirable (from the International Atomic Energy Agency - IAEA - definition). Different forms of radiation have different effects. Visible light and infrared heat rays and certain kinds of radiation are generally beneficial. Some of the other forms of radiation, for example. X-rays, are more energetic and are therefore, biologically injurious because of their destructive action on cells and tissues. Because these highly energetic forms of radiation tend to split substances, including living matter, into ions, they are called ionising radiation. The other forms include electromagnetic radiation and particulate radiation. Ultraviolet radiation is highly injurious to the tissues of some organisms. This paper focuses on the impact of radioactive pollution on environment and their possible control measures.

Keywords: radioactive components, pollution, contamination, hazardous effect, environment.

Full Text:



Richard Schiffman (12 March 2013). "Two years on, America hasn't learned lessons of Fukushima nuclear disaster". The Guardian.

Martin Fackler (June 1, 2011). "Report Finds Japan Underestimated Tsunami Danger". New York Times.

International Atomic Energy Agency (2007). IAEA Safety Glossary: Terminology Used in Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection (PDF). Vienna: IAEA.

"Atmospheric δ14C record from Wellington". Trends: A Compendium of Data on Global Change. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center. Oak Ridge National Laboratory. 1994. Retrieved 2007-06-11.

Levin, I.; et al. (1994). "δ14C record from Vermunt". Trends: A Compendium of Data on Global Change. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center.

"Radiocarbon dating". University of Utrecht. Retrieved 2008-02-19.

Operational Monitoring Good Practice Guide "The Selection of Alarm Levels for Personnel Exit Monitors" Dec 2009 - National Physical Laboratory, Teddington UK

Dennis Normile, "Cooling a Hot Zone," Science, 339 (1 March 2013) pp. 1028-1029.

ICRP Protection of people living in long term contaminated areas

International Atomic Energy Agency (2005). Environmental and Source Monitoring for Purposes of Radiation Protection, IAEA Safety Standards Series No. RS–G-1.8 (PDF). Vienna: IAEA.

International Atomic Energy Agency (2010). Programmes and Systems for Source and Environmental Radiation Monitoring. Safety Reports Series No. 64. Vienna: IAEA. p. 234.

Arifumi Hasegawa, Koichi Tanigawa, Akira Ohtsuru, Hirooki Yabe, Masaharu Maeda, Jun Shigemura, et al. Health effects of radiation and other health problems in the aftermath of nuclear accidents, with an emphasis on Fukushima, The Lancet, 1 August 2015.

Andrew C. Revkin (March 10, 2012). "Nuclear Risk and Fear, from Hiroshima to Fukushima". New York Times.

Frank N. von Hippel (September–October 2011). The radiological and psychological consequences of the Fukushima Daiichi accident. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. vol. 67 no. 5. pp. 27–36.


  • There are currently no refbacks.