Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Evaluation of Some Physical Properties on the Sorption Capacity of Detarium microcarpum Seed Membrane

S. A. Osemeahon, E. A. Agala, A. M. Kolo, A. Akinterinwa


The membrane of Detarium microcarpum seeds (DMM) was developed. The bio-sorbent was used for the removal of Pb2+, Cd2+, Fe3+, Cu2+, Cr3+ and Mn2+ in aqueous solution. Membrane sorption capacities were found to be : 96.80%, 96.63%, 94.04%, 91.45%, 87.82% and 87.29% for Cd2+, Cr3+, Mn2+, Fe3+, Pb2+ and Cu2+, respectively. The sorption behavior with respect to pH, contact time, ionic strength and initial metal ion concentration were investigated so as to determine the optimum sorption conditions. The result showed that metal ion sorption by the membrane increased with increasing initial metal ion concentration, pH values and contact time while metal ion sorption decreased with increasing ionic strength. Maximum sorption was found to occur at pH 5 for all the six metal ions studied. The study reveals that the ability of the membrane to remove some heavy metal ions from aqueous solution is encouraging and may be used in bioremediation of wastewater.

Full Text:



Sao K., Khan F., Pandey P.K., et al. A review on heavy metals uptake by plants through biosorption, Dol: 10. 7763/IPEDR 2014; 75: 78–83p.

Igwenyi I.O., Azoro B.N. Proximate and plytochemical compositions of four indigenous seeds used as soup thickeners, Environ Sci J Toxicol Food Technol. 2014; 6: 45–9p.

Baminas J.T., Ajayi J.O., Osemeahon S.A. Development of sodium alginate and Konkoli gum-grafted-polycrylamide blend membrane science forum, J Pure Appl Sci. 2005; 8: 70–9p.

Osemeahon S.A., BArminas J.T., Aliyu B.A., et al. Evaluation on the application of immobilized konkoli leaves for the removal of Pb, Cd, and Zn in aqueous solution, Afr J Pure Microbiol. 2007; 70(11): 435–43p.

Chamarthy S., Wseo C., Marshell W.E. Adsorption of selected toxic metals by modified peanut shells, J Chem Technol Biotechnol. 2001; 76: 593–7p.

Cooper C., Jiang J.Q., Ouki S. Preliminary evaluation of polymeric Fe and Al-modified clays as absorbents for heavy metal removal in water treatment, J Chem Technol Biotechnol. 2002; 77: 546–51p.

Adesola Babarinde N.A., Oyesiku O.O. Isothermal and thermodynamic studies of the biosorption of zinc (II) ions by Calymperes erosum, J Appl Sci Res. 2008; 4(6): 716–21p.

Liping D., Yingying S.U., Huas X.W., et al. Sorption and desorption of Lead (II) from waste water by green algae Cladophora fascicularis. J Hazard Mater. 2007; 143: 220–5p.

Charkravaty A.C. Swelling behaviour and comparative porosity of some vegetable textile fibers at different moisture regains, Textile Res J. 2011; 41(4): 318–21p.

Ashraf M.A., Mahmood K., Wajid A., et al. Study of low cost biosorbent for biosorption of heavy metals, Int Conf Food Eng Biotechnol. 2011; 9: 60–8p.

Meunier N., Blais J.F., Tyagi K.D. Removal of heavy metals from acid soil leachate using cocoa shells in a batch counter-current sorption process, Hydrometallurgy. 2004; 73: 225–35p.

El-Ashtouky E.S.Z., Amin N.K., Abdelwahab O. Removal of lead (II) and copper (II) from aqueous ESZ solution using pomegranate peel as a new adsorbent, Desalination. 2008; 223: 162–73p.

Preeti S., Syed H.H. Biomass of Mucor heimalis for the biosorption of cadmium from aqueous solutions, Equil Kinet Bioresour. 2011; 6(4): 3656–75p.

AjayKumar A.V., Darwish N.A., Hilal N. Study of various parameters in the biosorption of heavy metals on activated sludge, World Appl Sci J. 5(Special Issue for Environment): 2009; 32–40p.

Reza A., Amin P. Removal of cerium (IV) ion from aqueous solution using sawdust as a very low cost bioadsorbent, Int J Environ Sci Technol. 2010; 5(3): 253–62p.

Murali Y., Mohan Y., Kurt E. Polyamphylytic Hydrogels: Poly (N-Isopropylacrylamide) Based Stimuli Responsive Networks With Poly(ethyleneimine). Laboratory of Applied Macromolecular Chemistry, Department of Material Science and Engineering, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), 2006, 500–712p.


  • There are currently no refbacks.