Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Extraction of Cellulose from Industrial and Plant Waste

A.G. Femeetta Mary, K.J. Rose Philo, R. Cleetus, A. Suresh, M. Navya

Abstract


Agricultural and industrial waste is generated in huge quantities. Generally, they are not
reused or recycled. Interest arises in waste sources from the biomass left behind. This waste
poses a serious environmental problem as it consists of strong fibers which under degradation
process very slowly under natural conditions and therefore get accumulated in the environment
over time. Therefore, efficient utilization of such agricultural wastes is of great importance not
only for minimizing the environmental impact, but also for obtaining higher profit. Aim of this
study is to extract cellulose from different agricultural and industrial waste sources such as
rice husk, waste paper and sugar cane via simple technique. Cellulose amounting 16%, 24%
and 18.218% was extracted from the above sources respectively. FT-IR was used to
characterize the extracted cellulose.

Full Text:

PDF

References


https://www.scbaghdad.edu.iq/library/Chemistry, “Extraction of Cellulose from some Industrial waste” (2013).

N.A. Johar. – Extraction, precipitation and characterization of cellulose fibers from rice husk, Ind Crops Prod. 2012.

M.H. Aboody. Extraction of cellulose from some industrial and plant waste and its hydrolysis using new heterogeneous catalyst' university of Bagdad, 2013.

M.S. Nazir, A.W. Yussuf, M. Azmuddin. -‘Eco friendly extraction and characterization of cellulose

from oil palm bunches’-bioresources.com-Malaysia.

B.K. Sharma. Polymer Chemistry. Meerat: Goel Publishing House; 1989.

F. Adam, J.H. Chua. The adsorption of palmytic acid on rice husk ash chemically modified with Al (III) ion using the sol–gel technique, J Colloid Interface Sci. 2004.

S.K. Shukla, Naman. Extraction of cellulose micro sheets from rice husk: a suitable chemical approach, DU J Under Graduate Res Innov. 2015; 1(3).

Le Troedec, M. Sedan, D. Peyraout, C. Bonnet, J.P. Smith. Influence of various chemical treatments on the composition and structure of hemp fibres, Compos Part A: Appl Sci Manuf. 2008.cturing., (2008).


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.