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Extraction of Cellulose from Industrial and Plant Waste

A.G. Femeetta Mary, K.J. Rose Philo, R. Cleetus, A. Suresh, M. Navya


Agricultural and industrial waste is generated in huge quantities. Generally, they are not
reused or recycled. Interest arises in waste sources from the biomass left behind. This waste
poses a serious environmental problem as it consists of strong fibers which under degradation
process very slowly under natural conditions and therefore get accumulated in the environment
over time. Therefore, efficient utilization of such agricultural wastes is of great importance not
only for minimizing the environmental impact, but also for obtaining higher profit. Aim of this
study is to extract cellulose from different agricultural and industrial waste sources such as
rice husk, waste paper and sugar cane via simple technique. Cellulose amounting 16%, 24%
and 18.218% was extracted from the above sources respectively. FT-IR was used to
characterize the extracted cellulose.

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