Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Replacing Wood by Polymer Composites with Jute Fibre

M S Mating, N R Bose, Y K Mohanty, S C Sahoo, P K Khatua


Conservation of the natural resources of our planet has become an issue of prime importance all over the world. Indiscriminate felling of trees has come in for severe criticism and all developed countries have been exploring the possibilities of developing alternatives for wood products. Modern building planners, Architects and Builders are leaning towards environment friendly products by considering minimum use of wood in construction. The Central Public Works Department (CPWD) has now banned the use of wood in building constructions with effect from April 1993. Even so, about 4 million cubic metre of timber is annually used in our country for housing purposes and there is an additional annual demand of about 1.5 million cubic metres. It is, therefore, high time that wood alternatives are brought into use. Conventional wood-based materials are known for their susceptibility to fire damage, impact damage, high temperature damage, aggressive chemicals and high voltage areas. To overcome all these problems it has been made possible to use jute fibre as reinforcing filler fibre hybridizing with glass fibre to produce high strength synthetic wood substituted products. It is essential to prepare Sheet Moulding Compound (SMC) and Dough Moulding Compound (DMC) for the production of synthetic wood substituted composite materials. The basic technological aspects along with commercial applications and business possibilities of this unique and innovative, high strength synthetic wood substituted products have been highlighted in this paper.

Full Text:



Mallick PK. Fibre-reinforced composites: Materials, Manufacturing, and Design. Florida: CRC Press; 1988. ISBN 0-8247-7796-4.

Jute Reinforced Composite Technology. [Internet]. Available from:

Woodweb—Woodworking Industry Information [Internet]. Available from:

Maschinenwesen DF. Investigation on jute fibres and their composites based on polypropylene and epoxy Matrices. PhD Thesis. Dresden: Technischen Universität; 2006.

Das S. Jute composite and its applications. Proceedings of International Workshop IJSG; 2009 Feb 8–9; Dhaka, Bangladesh.

International Jute Study Group [Internet]. Available from:

David P, Andersenb LT, Pedersenc WB, et al. Biodegradable composites based on l-polylactide and jute fibres. Composites Science and Technology. 2003; 63: 1287–96p.

Nabi DS, Jog JP. Natural fibre polymer composites. Advances in Polymer Technology. 1999; 18: 4351–63p.

Kathleen VV, Kiekens P. Thermoplastic pultrusion of natural fibre reinforced composites. Composite Structures. 2001; 54: 355–60p.

Singh B, Gupta M, Verma A. The durability of jute fibre-reinforced phenolic Composites. Composites Science and Technology. 2000; 60: 581–9p.

Gassan J, Bledzki AK. Possibilities for improving the mechanical properties of jute/epoxy composites by alkali treatment of fibres. Composites Science Technology. 1999; 59(9): 1303–9p.

Nadir A, Songklod J, Vallayuth F, et al. Coir Fiber Reinforced Polypropylene Composite Panel for Automotive Interior Applications. Fibers and Polymer. 2011; 12: 919–26p.

Verma D, Gope PC, Shandilya A, et al. Coir Fiber Reinforcement and Application in Polymer Composites: A Review. Journal of Material Environment Science. 2013; 4: 263–76p.

Gon D, Das K, Paul P, et al. Jute Composites as Wood Substitute. International Journal of Textile Science. 2012; 1: 84–93p.

Bujang IZ, Awang MK, Ismail AE. Study on the Dynamic Characteristic of Coconut Fiber Reinforced Composites. Proceedings of the Regional Conference on Engineering Mathematics, Mechanics, Manufacturing and Architecture; 2007 Nov 27–28; Putrajaya.

Khan MN, Roy KJ, Akter N, et al. Production and properties of short jute and short E-glass fiber reinforced polypropylene based composites. Open Journal of Composite Materials. 2012; 2: 40–7p.


  • There are currently no refbacks.