Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

A Dynamic Role of Thermodynamics Chemistry in Refrigeration and Air Conditioner Devices

Radhika Gupta


Thermodynamics plays a very crucial role in our daily life. Almost all the activities that we do or observe are all based on the principles of thermodynamics. Here, some of the common routine activities of refrigeration and air conditioners are brought into limelight that is explained by the phenomenon of thermodynamics. Thermodynamics is a branch of physics concerned with heat and temperature and their relation to energy and work. It defines macroscopic variables, such as internal energy, entropy, and pressure, which partly describe a body of matter or radiation. It states that the behavior of those variables is subject to general constraints, which are common to all materials, not the peculiar properties of particular materials. These general constraints are expressed in the four laws of thermodynamics. Thermodynamics applies to a wide variety of topics in science and engineering.

Keywords: air conditioners, air coolers, freezers, refrigeration, heating and cooling effects

Full Text:



V. Cápek, D.P. Sheehan. Challenges to the second law of thermodynamics: theory and experiment Springer, Berlin (2004) p. 3

Kleidon, R.D. Lorenz. Non-equilibrium thermodynamics and the production of entropy – life, Earth, and beyond Springer, Berlin (2005)

D. Kondepudi, I. Prigogine. Modern Thermodynamics – From Heat Engines to Dissipative Structures Wiley, New York (1998)

J.T. Wang. Nonequilibrium nondissipative thermodynamics – with application to low-pressure diamond Synthesis. Springer, Heidelberg (2002)

J.T. Wang Modern Thermodynamics – And the Whole View of Thermodynamics Fudan University Press, Shanghai (2005)

J.P. HolmanThermodynamics. (third ed.), McGraw-Hill, New York (1980) p. 1

E.A. Guggenheim Modern thermodynamics – by the methods of Willard Gibbs. Methuen, London (1933)

W.A. Yarbrough, R. Missier. Current issues and problems in the chemical vapor deposition of diamond. Science, 247 (1990), pp. 688-696.


  • There are currently no refbacks.