Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Thermodynamic Techniques in Food Chemistry – A Review

H L Kulkarni


The thermal activities of food strongly depend on its composition. The aims of food processing are to inactivate spoilage and pathogenic microorganisms and to sustain this condition in storage. Using calorimetric techniques, many physicochemical effects can be detected in the temperature range between -50°C and 300°C. Biophysical techniques viz., isothermal titration (ITC) and Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) are used to characterize the structure and properties of food materials before and after processing to develop a fundamental understanding of the impact of processing and storage conditions. The data resulting from such studies can be used to predict the physical properties of foods under optimized condition.

Keywords: Isothermal calorimetry; Differential Scanning Calorimetry; Food processing

Full Text:



Lewis MJ (1990) Physical properties of foods and food processing systems. Woodhead Publishing Ltd., Abington Hall, Abington, Cambridge CB1 6AH, England.

Wilkinson C, Dijksterhuis GB, Minekus M (2000) From food structure to texture. Trends Food Sci Tech 11: 442-450.

Biliaderis CG (1983) Differential scanning calorimetry in food research-A review. Food Chem 10: 239-265.

Roos YH (2003) Thermal analysis, state transitions and food quality. J Therm Anal Calorim 71: 197-203.

Ghai R, Falconer RJ, Collins BM (2012) Applications of isothermal titration calorimetry in pure and applied research--survey of the literature from 2010. J MolRecognit 25: 32-52.

Sturtevant JM (1987) Biochemical Applications of Differential Scanning Calorimetry. Annu Rev Phy Chem 38: 463-488.

Freire E (1995) Differential scanning calorimetry. Methods Mol Biol 40: 191-218.

Jelesarov I, Bosshard HR (1999) Isothermal titration calorimetry and differential scanning calorimetry as complementary tools to investigate the energetics of biomolecular recognition. J MolRecognit 12: 3-18.

Haines PJ (1995) Thermal Methods of Analysis, Principles, Applications and Problems. Blackie Academic & Professional, Glasgow, USA.

Gabbott P (2008) Principles and applications of thermal analysis. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., The Atrium, Southern Gate, Chichester, West Sussex, PO 19 8SQ, England.


  • There are currently no refbacks.