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Schemes of Trace Selenium Nanoparticles on Earth

B. Goswami


This article is written about resources of selenium compatible with dosage-wise recovery from nature. Selenium (Se) above trace is toxic to human beings. The plant is the source of Se based on differential stages in botanical ethics from various parts of plants. Selenium found in nature as selenite, selenite, selenides, and seleno-proteins in plants. Se nanospheres related to a size considered as of importance in industry and biology acts. Antimicrobial effects of lysozyme and SeNPs integrated SeNPs with lysozyme to subject induced accustom. Antibacterial activity of pristine SeNPs and lysozyme and their complex hybrid form succeeded to prompt removal from strains of S. aureus and E. coli infections. Crops grown in Se deficient soils suggested being biofortified, otherwise inclusive of fertilizers to assessable limits to correct the deficiency. Trace level low toxicity, strong ionic scavenge capacity, and easily bioavailable SeNPs suggested to use for the production of plants, fish, livestock, and poultry. Bacterial accumulation or bio-mass formation in aerobic mine soil termed bio-nano-factory for the synthesis of stable, nearly mono-disperse Se0 nanoparticles, henceforth detoxification of toxic selenite anions in the environment. Interdisciplinary nanotechnology connects physics, chemistry, biology, materials science, electronics, and medicine to produce engineered nanoparticles (NPs). Attractive properties are multi-functionalities, and innovative applications in different industrial and scientific domains. Physical and chemical fabrication methods adoptive issued as laser ablation, coprecipitation, hydrothermal route, solvothermal route, sol-gel process, polyol process, electrochemical methods, sonochemistry, and microwave-assisted methods

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