Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Review of Methods of the Desalination of the Sea Water

Michael Shoikedbrod


Among the existing today methods of the desalination of sea water most perspective for cost-effective and highly effective properties is a new multipurpose method of desalination of sea water using the effect of direct electric current (DC) on sea water in a continuous action two-camera desalinator, where in one of the chambers the cathode is located at its bottom and the anode located above the cathode is isolated from it by a membrane made from fire material hose that passes cations, hydroxyls and water molecules into the second desalinator camera and does not pass the sea water anions, leaving them in the first desalination chamber. In this article, along with a description of existing seawater desalination methods, a description of a new multipurpose seawater desalination method is presented, which permitted to avoid the drawbacks of existing methods and to obtain high quality fresh water on an industrial volumes simply and economically.

Full Text:



Slesarenko V.N. The desalination of sea water. Energy-Atomizdat, Moscow, 1991

Slesarenko V.N. Desalination units. Vladivostok, DVGMA, 1999, 2443

Qtaishat M.R. Desalination by solar powered membrane desalination systems, Desalination,

Vol. 308, 2013, 186-197

Khayet M. Solar desalination by membrane desalination: Dispersion in energy consumption

analysis and water production costs (a review), Desalination, Vol. 308, 2013, 89-101

Marina O.S. The bioethanol production from sugarcane: evaluation of desalination, thermal

integration and cogeneration systems, Energy, Vol.36, 2011, 3691-3703

Fang H. Hydrophobic porous alumina hollow fiber for water desalination via membrane

desalination process, Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 403-404, 2012, 41-46

Barak A., Kochetkov A. Desalination of sea water using the nuclear energy: experience, need and

prospect. BULLETIN THE IAEA, 3/1990

Andrianov A.P., Pervov A.G. The selection of effective inhibiters for the flow charts of the

distillation of water of Black sea. Water supply and sanitary technology, 9, 2016, 24-35

Shcherbatyuk M.O., L'vov V.G., Serdyuk A.I. The demineralization the mineralized mine waters

with the aid of the reverse osmosis method. Journal Doneck national university, Ser. A: Nature of

science, 2009, 1

Danilyan A.G. The Development of the Method of Reverse Osmosis for the Desalination of Sea

Kirpichnikova I.M. The Desalination of Water with the Use Energies of the Wind and Sun. South

Ural State University, UDK 621.311.24

Ergozhin E. Elektrodialize desalination units with the application of inter polymeric membranes.

Water: Chemistry and Ecology, 7 (37), 2011, 25-32

Sidorenko G.I. The sanitary- microbiological estimation of the electrodialysis method of the

desalination of water. Hygiene and Sanitation, 11, 1978, 14-22

Osipenko V.O. Electrodialysis removal of nitrates from saltish waters with obtaining of

ammonium fertilizers. Chemistry and the technology of water, 1(12), 2015

Chalov T. K. Cleaning industrial sewage and the distillation of mineralized water by the method of

electrodialysis. Water: Chemistry and Ecology, 2 (80), 2015, 59-64

Knyazkova T. V. Intensification of the process of the extraction of water from the solutions.

Ukrainian chemical periodical. T.42, 1976, 289

Davisson R.R. Desalination salt water by extraction. Distillation of salt waters. M, the publishing

house of foreign. lit., 1965

Voronin E. Yu., Zelinskaya E. V. Theoretical aspects of the use of hydro-mineral raw material.

Academy of natural science. 2009

Rusinova A.A., Polezhaev Yu.M., Matern A.I. The concentration of solutions by freezing. Analyst

and control, 4, 1999

Rusinova A.A., Polezhaev Yu.M., Matern A.I. The distribution of salts in the column of liquid,

obtained by freezing and thawing of solution. Analyst and control, T.5, 4, 2001

Shoikhedbrod M.P. Physical-chemical Modeling of Sea and Brackish Water Desalination using

Electrolysis, Emerging Trends in Chemical Engineering, 7 (2), 2020.

Shoikhedbrod M.P. Behavior of water under the influence of vibration and electric field, Lambert

Academic Publishing, 2017.


  • There are currently no refbacks.